ORGANON

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1. WHAT IS AN ORGANON? 

An Organon is an Instrument of Thought, especially a Means of Reasoning or a System of Logic.

The Organon by Aristotle is a collection of Aristotle’s six works on logic. The name Organon was given by Aristotle’s followers, the Peripatetics. They are as follows:

1. The Categories introduces Aristotle’s 10-fold classification of that which exists: substance, quantity, quality, relation, place, time, situation, condition, action, and passion.
2. On Interpretation introduces Aristotle’s conception of proposition and judgment, and the various relations between affirmative, negative, universal, and particular propositions. Aristotle discusses the square of opposition or square of Apuleius deals with the problem of future contingents.
3. The Prior Analytics introduces his syllogistic method, argues for its correctness, and discusses inductive inference.
4. The Posterior Analytics deals with demonstration, definition, and scientific knowledge.
5. The Topics treats issues in constructing valid arguments, and inference that is probable, rather than certain.
6. The Sophistical Refutations gives a treatment of logical fallacies, and provides a key link to Aristotle’s work on rhetoric.

The Novum Organum, fully Novum Organum, sive indicia vera de Interpretatione Naturae (“New organon, or true directions concerning the interpretation of nature”), is a philosophical work by Francis Bacon, written in Latin and published in 1620. The title is a reference to Aristotle’s work Organon, which was his treatise on logic and syllogism. In Novum Organum, Bacon details a new system of logic he believes to be superior to the old ways of syllogism. This is now known as the Baconian method.

The Tertium Organum by P.D. Ouspensky is a mystically oriented book which attempts to reorganize all knowledge. Whereas the Organon of Aristotle formulated the laws under which the subject thinks and the Novum Organum of Bacon formulated the laws under which the object may be known, the third canon of thought, the Tertium Organum, existed before these two.

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2. WHAT IS THE ESSENTIAL DIALECTIC OF THE ORGANON?

The Essential Dialectic of Dialectic Science is the Organon is:

{Reason-Noumenal ⇆ Noumenal-Reason ⇵ Reason-Reason} ↻ Noumenal-Noumenal

The Essential Dialectic of Dialectic Science is the Idols-of-the-Theater, Idols-of-the-Marketplace, Idols-of-the-Tribe, Idols-of-the-Cave Dialectic because ….

3. WHAT IS THE COMPLETE DIALECTIC OF THE ORGANON?

The Complete Dialectic of the Quadrivium Organon is:

{Noumenal ⇆ Reason ⇅ Philosophy} ↻ Metaphysics

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4. WHAT IS THE EQUIVALENCY DIALECTIC OF THE ORGANON?

The Equivalency Dialectic of the Quadrivium Organon is:

{Dialectic ⇆ Organon ⇅ Tractatus} ↻ Topics

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