Ontotheology

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1. WHAT IS ONTOTHEOLOGY?

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Theology is the systematic study of the nature of the divine and, more broadly, of religious belief. It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries. It occupies itself with the unique content of analyzing the supernatural, but also deals with religious epistemology, asks and seeks to answer the question of revelation. Revelation pertains to the acceptance of God, gods, or deities, as not only transcendent or above the natural world, but also willing and able to interact with the natural world and, in particular, to reveal themselves to humankind. While theology has turned into a secular field, religious adherents still consider theology to be a discipline that helps them live and understand concepts such as life and love and that helps them lead lives of obedience to the deities they follow or worship.

Augustine of Hippo defined the Latin equivalent, theologia, as “reasoning or discussion concerning the Deity”; Richard Hooker defined “theology” in English as “the science of things divine”. The term can, however, be used for a variety of disciplines or fields of study.

Theology begins with the assumption that the divine exists in some form, such as in physical, supernatural, mental, or social realities, and that evidence for and about it may be found via personal spiritual experiences or historical records of such experiences as documented by others. The study of these assumptions is not part of theology proper but is found in the philosophy of religion, and increasingly through the psychology of religion and neurotheology. Theology then aims to structure and understand these experiences and concepts, and to use them to derive normative prescriptions for how to live our lives.

Theologians use various forms of analysis and argument (experiential, philosophical, ethnographic, historical, and others) to help understand, explain, test, critique, defend or promote any myriad of religious topics. As in philosophy of ethics and case law, arguments often assume the existence of previously resolved questions, and develop by making analogies from them to draw new inferences in new situations.

The study of theology may help a theologian more deeply understand their own religious tradition, another religious tradition, or it may enable them to explore the nature of divinity without reference to any specific tradition. Theology may be used to propagate, reform or justify a religious tradition or it may be used to compare, challenge (e.g. biblical criticism), or oppose (e.g. irreligion) a religious tradition or world-view. Theology might also help a theologian address some present situation or need through a religious tradition,[14] or to explore possible ways of interpreting the world.

2. WHAT IS THE ESSENTIAL DIALECTIC OF ONTOTHEOLOGY?

The Essential Dialectic of Ontotheology is:

{Reconciliation-Hierophonies ⇆ Hierophonies-Reconciliation ⇅ Reconciliation-Reconciliation} ↻ Hierophanies-Hierophanies

3. WHAT IS THE INTERMEDIARY DIALECTIC OF ONTOTHEOLOGY?

The Intermediary Dialectic of Ontotheology is:

{Eliade-Hierophonies ⇆ Barth-Reconciliation ⇅ Aurobindo-Integral} ↻ Heidegger-Ontology

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4. WHAT IS THE COMPLETE DIALECTIC OF ONTOTHEOLOGY?

The Complete Dialectic of Ontotheology is:

{Mathematics ⇆ Logic ⇅ Ontotheology} ↻ Reality

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